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Health & Safety
Baby shots, called immunizations are the best way to prevent babies from getting a serious illness. The majority of shots are required before babies are two years old. The shots prevent diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, measles, mumps, rubella, influenzae, hepatitis, chickenpox, rotavirus and pneumonia.
Shots occur frequently during the first two years of life. Additional shots are required for children up to the age of 18. In most communities there are places where you can get these shots for your child at no charge if your family does not have medical coverage.
Ask your health professional to provide the schedule and information about different vaccines. It is important that your child receive immunizations at the recommended scheduled time. It is your responsibility to schedule the appointment and make sure that your child receives the shots.
The nurse will provide you with your child's immunization record. Keep the records in a safe place. Your childcare and school requires these records.
If a child is behind in his or her shots, he or she does not need to start over. The series should be finished as soon as possible.
Baby shots do have some risks and side effects, but they are safer than the diseases they prevent. Diseases which are preventable by vaccines have declined 99% since the introduction of vaccines.
If you have questions about shots for your baby, talk to your doctor or nurse. Your local health department or the Center for Disease Control (CDC) can provide the most current immunizations recommendations and schedules.
Source: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension NuFacts
This resource was updated April 2008.
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